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A Guide to Different Parenting Styles

People have different ideas and views regarding how to rear their children.  To achieve the balance between discipline, love and becoming a good parent, some people take advice from their experienced friends, some attend the classes being offered in the community and few like to take the tips from parenting books.  When it comes to parenting, there is no right or wrong approach, however, many psychologists and other social scientists believe that there are certain parenting practices that yield the positive outcomes.  It is almost impossible to find the actual cause-and-effect relationship between behavior of the children, and specific actions of parents.

Children sharing a home and raised in same environment may grow up to have absolutely different personalities and children raised in different environment can grow up having similar personalities.  Using several research methods, interviews of parents and naturalistic observation, the experts have identified four important dimensions of parenting.  These dimensions are disciplinary strategies, warmth and nurturance, communication styles, and maturity and control.  Most parents display a parenting style based on these four dimensions.

Authoritarian parenting style is categorized by setting up of strict rules by the parent, and these rules must be followed by the children.  Only parents define the rules, and children are not given the reason for following them.  Authoritarian parents can be very demanding, but not responsive to their kids.  Parents adopting authoritarian style expect children to simply follow the rules, and they are more obedience and status oriented.

Another parenting style is called authoritative parenting, and like authoritarian parents, these parents establish rules and expect their children to follow them.  But, in the case of authoritative parenting, the parents adopt more democratic approach, and are willing to answer the questions.  In case of authoritative parenting, if the children fail to meet the expectations, parents are more forgiving and nurturing, and usually do not punish.  Authoritarian parents are not restrictive and intrusive, and their disciplinary methods are more supportive instead of punitive.

Another parenting style is called permissive parenting, and parent following this style have limited expectations from their children.  Permissive parent have low expectations of maturity and self-control from their children, and they do not like to discipline.  Permissive parents are lenient, avoid confrontation, are generally nurturing and do not expect mature behavior.  Children of permissive parents see their parents more as friends.

Uninvolved parents have very little communication, few demands and low responsiveness.  Parents only take the responsibility of fulfilling all the needs, but stay detached from the lives of their children.  In some extreme cases, these parents also neglect or reject their children’s needs.

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